Consistent With Previous Data on Tumor Growth and Death
ROCKVILLE, Md., Jan. 3, 2008--The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is reviewing new data from two studies that provide further evidence of the risks of anemia drugs known as erythropoiesis-stimulating agents, or ESAs. The studies show that patients with breast or advanced cervical cancers who received ESAs to treat anemia caused by chemotherapy died sooner or had more rapid tumor growth than similar patients who didnít receive the anemia drug.
These two studies were not among the six studies that were described in revised labeling approved by FDA Nov. 8, 2007, which strengthened warnings about ESAs in cancer patients.
Taken together, all eight studies show more rapid tumor growth or shortened survival when patients with breast, non-small cell lung, head and neck, lymphoid or cervical cancers received ESAs compared to patients who did not receive this treatment. In all of these recent studies, ESAs were administered in an attempt to achieve a hemoglobin level of 12 grams per deciliter (g/dL) or greater, although many patients did not reach that level.